Orthopedic Conditions

Musculoskeletal Conditions, Orthopedics & Sports Injuries: Musculoskeletal/sports-related injuries include injuries related to bones, muscles with their related tendons, joint structures such as ligaments and menisci. Injuries may cause impairments such as pain, inflammation, restricted movement, joint instability, or muscle weakness

Orthopedics - Shoulder

General Conditions


Degenerative joint disease (DJD); progressive destruction of articular cartilage and the formation of bone at the margin of the joint.


A group of disorders, which have as their common denominator, a reduction of bone mass per unit of bone volume.


Chronic muscle pain syndrome with no known cause or cure. It is considered a state of "inflammation of the soft tissue" and can cause body and muscle aches, often accompanied by overwhelming fatigue and sometimes pelvic pain; symptoms may wax and wane with no discernible cause.

TMJ Dysfunction:

Inflammation in the joint of the jaw, which may lead to difficulty opening the mouth fully, facial and jaw pain, and/or neck and head pain; other symptoms include headaches, dizziness, tinnitus, and nausea.

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Physical Therapy Treatment May Include:

  • Manual therapy
    • Mobilization
    • Myofascial release
    • Soft tissue mobilization
    • Craniosacral therapy
  • Strengthening
    • Therapeutic exercises
    • Stabilization exercises
  • Range of motion
    • Stretching
  • Modalities
    • E-stimulation
    • Ultrasound
    • Heat/ice
    • Cold Laser
  • Patient education
  • Home exercise program (HEP)

Shoulder Injuries

  • Rotator cuff tear (operative or non-operative)
  • Dislocation
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Tendinitis
  • Fracture
  • Shoulder impingement syndrome
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome
  • SLAP tear or labral tears/repairs
  • Arthritis

Elbow Injuries

  • Golfer's elbow (medial epicondylitis)
  • Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis)
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or postoperative)
  • Fractures/Dislocations
  • Bursitis

Wrist Injuries

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or postoperative)
  • Fractures
  • Tendinitis

Neck and Low Back Injuries

  • Sprain/strain
  • Disc herniation
  • Stenosis
  • Muscle spasm
  • Poor Posture
  • Headache
  • SI joint dysfunction
  • Coccydynia: Refers to pain in and around the region of the coccyx or tailbone. It may involve the pelvic floor muscles and/or the gluteus maximus muscle.
    • Etiology: Falls directly onto the coccyx, childbirth, sustained direct pressure over coccyx (e.g. sitting), strain/overuse (cycling/rowing)

Hip Conditions

  • Labral tears (anterior/posterior)
  • Bursitis
  • IT band tightness/syndrome
  • Tendinitis
  • Total hip replacement/osteoarthritis
  • Groin strains
Orthopedics - Leg

Knee Injuries

  • Patellofemoral syndrome
  • ACL tear (operative or non-operative)
  • Meniscus tear (operative or non-operative)
  • Ligament strains
  • Tendinitis
  • Total knee replacement/osteoarthritis
  • Hamstring or Quadriceps strains/tears

Ankle Injuries

  • Achilles' tendinitis (Achilles' heel)
  • Peroneal tendonitis
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or post-operative)
  • Fractures
  • Shin Splints
  • Calf strains
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Foot/Toe Injuries

  • Plantar fasciitis (heel pain)
  • Bunionectomies
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or post-operative)
  • Fractures/stress fractures