Musculoskeletal Conditions

Orthopedics & Sports Injuries

Musculoskeletal/sports-related injuries include: bones, muscles with their related tendons, joint structures such as ligaments and menisci. Injuries may cause impairments such as pain, inflammation, restricted movement, joint instability, or muscle weakness.

General Conditions

Degenerative joint disease (DJD); progressive destruction of articular cartilage and the formation of bone at the margin of the joint.
A group of disorders, which have as their common denominator, a reduction of bone mass per unit of bone volume.
Chronic muscle pain syndrome with no known cause or cure, considered "inflammation of the soft tissue"; body and muscle aches often accompanied by overwhelming fatigue and pelvic pain; symptoms may wax and wane with no discernable cause.
TMJ Dysfunction:
Inflammation in this joint may lead to difficulty opening the mouth fully, pain in the joint, and/or in the neck and head region; other symptoms include headaches, dizziness, tinnitus, and nausea.

Shoulder Injuries

treatment physical therapist
  • Rotator cuff tear (operative or non-operative)
  • Dislocation
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Tendinitis
  • Fracture
  • Shoulder impingement
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome

Elbow Injuries

  • Golfer's elbow (medial epicondylitis)
  • Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis)
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or post-operative)
  • Fractures

Wrist Injuries

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or post-operative)
  • Fractures

Neck and Low Back Injuries

  • Sprain/strain
  • Disc herniation
  • Stenosis
  • Muscle spasm
  • Posture
  • Headache
  • SI joint dysfunction
  • Coccydynia: Refers to pain in and around the region of the coccyx or tailbone. It may involve the pelvic floor muscles and/or the gluteus maximus muscle. This condition is more common in women than men.
    • Etiology:
      • Falls resulting in direct injury of the coccyx (horseback riding, skiing)
      • Childbirth
      • Direct pressure on the coccyx (e.g. sitting)
      • Strain (cycling, rowing)

Hip Conditions

treatment physical therapist
  • Acetabular labral tears
  • Bursitis
  • IT band tightness/syndrome
  • Tendinitis
  • Total knee replacement

Knee Injuries

  • Patellofemoral syndrome
  • ACL tear (operative or non-operative)
  • Meniscus tear (operative or non-operative)
  • Tendinitis
  • Total knee replacement

Ankle Injuries

  • Achilles' tendonitis (Achilles' heel)
  • Peroneal tendonitis
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or post-operative)
  • Fractures

Foot/Toe Injuries

  • Plantar fasciitis (heel pain)
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Bunionectomies
  • Sprain/strain (conservative or post-operative)
  • Fractures/stress fractures